Primary and Secondary education in South Asia has seen differing level of success at the local, district and sub-regional levels. Pro-primary education schemes with equal and fair education are imparted free of costs in India, however the beneficiaries are among the extremely down-trodden. With the churning of the Higher Education sector, largely remaining State-controlled, the quality and content keeps swinging between average and satisfactory, other than the IITS, IIMs and a handful of extremely well placed universities. For those who can afford to pay their way, such students initially found interest in the UK and USA, and now greater number of South Asians flock across universities in European nations. In countries where high levels of qualification do not necessarily translate into a job, greater number of unemployed youth pressurize the government by their sheer numbers. There is continuing brain-drain from skilled South Asians, which needs a backward flow of brains into the domestic economy for which major changes in policies have been seen in the last couple of years.
A huge beneficiary of these rethought policies, are the trans-gender population in India and Pakistan, two of South Asia’s largest economies. India and Pakistan, individually are showing the way not just for the region but also for the Asia to include ‘the other gender’ into the higher educational echelons. Besides these, investment in infrastructure, as has always been the first step to creating jobs, is projected to generate employment in not just service sector but also industrial one. The collaborative measure of transfer of knowledge and technology to train local youth are projected to generate skilled professionals within a decade to fill up the technical and educational posts. Investments are projected to reap results benefiting both the domestic population as well as investors, thereby fueling the region’s prospects of bettering the quality of higher education.